Thursday, January 28, 2016
Yes, the obligatory training montage it introduced has become cliche in sports movies. Absolutely, the main theme has become co-opted as the aural wallpaper for gym rats everywhere. And sure, it spawned nearly as many sequels as slasher horror icons Jason and Freddy did. But there's no denying how utterly emotionally infectious the first "Rocky" film is, even 40 years following its theatrical debut. How do we love "Rocky" after all these years? Let us count the ways in the form of a proper film analysis:
- Rocky, with its stirring soundtrack and inspirational message, completely altered that mood and replaced the anti-hero with the hero.
- The two blockbuster films of the 1970s that are often credited with forever changing Hollywood—many say for the worse—are Jaws (1975) and Star Wars (1977).
- Sandwiched between them was Rocky, which, arguably, was just as influential when you consider the subgenre of sports movies and flicks about underdogs that gushed forth in its wake.
- It made $225 million on a $1 million production budget; Rocky has the seventh highest return on investment of any movie ever created.
Sunday, January 24, 2016
Thursday, January 21, 2016
Now over 50 years old, "Zulu" can feel a bit dated as both an historical epic and a war film, especially in its one-sided narrative construct that gives us the British perspective without much of a counterpoint from the other side of the battlefield. Nevertheless, the movie tightens the knot effectively by building suspense in the first half and fatiguing the viewer with its unending onslaught of combat, bloodshed and death. Among the observations our CineVerse group offered on this film are the following:
REGARDLESS OF THE FILM’S HISTORICAL ACCURACY, IS THE MOVIE RACIALLY INSENSITIVE TOWARD THE NATIVE AFRICANS, OR DOES IT GIVE CREDENCE TO BOTH SIDES IN THE CONFLICT?
• It shows the native customs and traditions of the Zulu people early on, including topless females, much like a National Geographic magazine piece; this demonstrates at least an attempt to be objective and sensitive.
• The movie does a decent job of contrasting the Zulu system of command with the British military system and the traditions that each share, like tribal chants vs. barked out orders, and a trading of songs across the battlefield
• However, you could make a case that the picture later characterizes the Zulus as raving, dehumanized villains who are appear to be “coming to get the white man.” The dark-skinned warriors also often seem to fall and die easily like so many tin soldiers. They seem to suffer so many losses in terms of sheer body count, that it’s easy to get desensitized by the death and violence depicted on screen.
• We are never given any explanation for why the Zulus attack the British outpost or any reason to sympathize with the Zulus. Arguably, an opportunity is missed here to show point of view from the opposite side – what the Zulu tribal leaders and their warriors are thinking, strategizing, and feeling. Many war films show both sides and contrast the viewpoint of the faction we may be rooting for with a perspective of their enemy, often resulting in a deeper, more enriching narrative.
• History tells us that British colonialism and their efforts to invade and colonize African countries and the government-supported system of apartheid obviously angered and emboldened natives like the Zulus to fight back and defend their territories.
IS THIS AN ANTI-WAR FILM SHOWING THE HORRORS OF BATTLE, OR TO THE CONTRARY DOES IT GLORIFY WAR?
• While the body counts are high among the Zulus, we don’t see much raw carnage, blood and guts and graphic violence, which would obviously occur in a real battle.
• The film’s theme seems to focus on the importance of bravery in battle and standing firm against insurmountable odds.
• This almost serves as a British soldier recruitment film, because we see military ingenuity and strategy at its best with very few relative casualties on the British side.
HOW WOULD THIS MOVIE HAVE BEEN A BOLD, DARING PICTURE FOR 1964 AUDIENCES?
• In America, this was a tense period between whites and blacks preceding the Civil Rights Acts and the marches and assassinations to follow.
HOW DO YOU THINK A NATIVE AFRICAN OR EVEN AN AFRICAN AMERICAN WOULD VIEW THIS FILM TODAY?
• It could really anger them, or possibly it could be viewed as a curiosity piece showing how popular culture bends the historical truth.
WHEN THE NAMES OF THE BRITISH DEAD ARE READ ALOUD AT THE CONCLUSION, WHAT DO YOU FEEL?
• Arguably, there is not enough character development to feel true loss or sympathy.
WHILE “ZULU” IS OFTEN CLASSIFIED AS A WAR MOVIE, DOES IT REMIND YOU OF ANY OTHER FILM GENRES OR PARTICULAR FILMS?
• The Western: cowboys or the cavalry vs. Indians;
• “Bridge of the River Kwai”: Proper British soldiers outnumbered and doing their duty, performing bravely in the face of extreme odds.
• “The Naked Prey”
Sunday, January 17, 2016
Thursday, January 14, 2016
The seeds for Hitchcock's genius are in full germination in only his third picture, "The Lodger," a silent foray into suspense that reveals much about the master's tastes and tendencies. After putting on our detective hats and watching the film, here are the clues we uncovered:
THE LODGER WAS INNOVATIVE AND PIONEERING IN MANY WAYS, PARTICULARLY IN HOW IT WAS THE FIRST HITCHCOCK FILM TO INTRODUCE MANY OF HIS SIGNATURE ELEMENTS. WHAT “FIRSTS” FOR HITCHCOCK CAN YOU IDENTIFY?
• Inaugural appearance of the director himself in a brief cameo (he’s sitting at a desk in the newspaper office).
• First use of three crucial Hitchcock themes: the accused innocent man on the run and a case of mistaken identity, the blonde heroin, and deviant, fetishistic sexuality.
• Possibly the first film in which Hitchcock gave priority to “the emotional realism of the story over and above the empirical realism of plot and setting,” wrote Gary McCarron, who also said: “(Hitchcock’s) attention to the complications of his characters, their puzzlements, ambitions, and occasionally contradictory desires, indicates his interest in using the cinema to evoke powerful, visceral reactions in his audience. And this could best be done by involving the audience in the emotional lives of the characters. One did not want the audience merely to watch actors play at experiencing emotions; one wanted them to live those emotions as though they were real.”
• First use of a cinematic doppelganger – a “double”, in this case the lodger and the Avenger.
• Initial employment of shared viewer guilt and audience identification with a suspected criminal: the lodger character, whom we don’t know is actually innocent until later in the movie, evokes viewer sympathy with his kindness toward Daisy and pursuit of justice for his sister’s murder.
• First instance of suspense scenes that depict something occurring prior to showing the audience who is behind the occurrence/action.
• Earliest instance of presenting imperfect, incompetent and untrustworthy detectives and police officers.
• First case of the use of an unnamed primary character: the lodger is never named.
• Initial suggestion of aberrant and lawbreaking proclivities possibly hidden within each of us, including assumedly innocent characters in the movie.
• First employment of visual symbols and motifs meant to signify a theme or pattern inherent in the film; motifs in this movie that are revisited in many later Hitchcock pictures include the triangle, the staircase and the cellar.
• First movie in which a man and woman are chained together via handcuffs.
• First suspected use of a push-in tracking camera (instead of a traditional zoom in) to underscore highly emotional/dramatic shots.
• Possibly the first film in which Hitchcock had each scene sketched out/storyboarded ahead of time, indicating his preference for careful preproduction planning.
WHAT DOES THE TRIANGLE SYMBOL/MOTIF REPRESENT IN THIS MOVIE?
• The obvious lover’s triangle – here, embodied by Daisy, the lodger, and Daisy’s boyfriend police officer Joe. She has to choose between an alluring sexual desire for an enigmatic stranger and a safe/conservative romantic interest in Joe. Consider that Daisy’s attraction to the stranger upstairs could be instigated by her cognizance that he may actually be the serial killer.
• The lodger’s conflict between choosing between Daisy and finding his sister’s killer: the lodger is one point of the triangle, while the two choices he has to make represent the other two points on the triangle.
• Daisy also has to choose between two levels that represent two opposite points on a triangle: the mysterious, sexually alluring and dangerous upstairs level, occupied by the lodger, and the downstairs level, occupied by safe, every day matters and characters; Daisy stands as the movie’s only character who can comfortably transition between either level.
WHAT VISUAL FLOURISHES DOES HITCHCOCK EMPLOY TO TRANSFORM AN OTHERWISE STAGE-BOUND MELODRAMA AND CONVENTIONAL MYSTERY NARRATIVE INTO A VISUALLY EXPRESSIVE CINEMATIC EXPERIENCE THAT DOESN’T NEED WORDS TO TELL ITS TALE?
• Shots that reveal how Hitchcock was inspired by German Expressionism, including: use of dramatic shadows and high-contrast lighting; the hand gliding its way down the staircase; the transparent ceiling showing a figure pacing back and forth above; the close-up of the shrieking blonde, with her blonde curls aglow via clever use of backlighting; and the religiously symbolic shots, including a cross shadow on the lodger’s face and his hanging from the gate, the latter suggesting innocent Christ-like suffering.
• “The major achievement of The Lodger, one might say, is its remarkable handling of such difficult themes as guilt, innocence, despair, and romance, and the technical virtuosity with which the young director confidently arranged the cinematic exposition of his narrative. Hitchcock transcended the limitations of the theatrical mannerisms of his principal players, and the abstractness of their motives and counter-motives, by using the eye of the camera to peer deeply into their thoughts and feelings. The Lodger explores moral and emotional ambiguity with a candor that impresses and disturbs audiences today,” McCarron also wrote.
WHAT SHOTS, IMAGES OR VISUAL IDEAS IN “THE LODGER” ARE REPEATED/REVISITED IN LATER HITCHCOCK FILMS?
• The undressing and bathtub scene – a sequence reimagined in Psycho
• The partners bound together, one or both with handcuffs – The 39 Steps
• The long, winding staircase – Notorious and Psycho
• The modeling/fashion show – Vertigo
• Close-up of a screaming female in danger – Psycho and Frenzy
• A lodging gassed with a dark secret – Shadow of a Doubt
• Close-up erotic kiss and extreme close-up of a face pre-kiss – Notorious and To Catch a Thief
• Ballroom dancing sequence that ends in foul play – The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934)
• Fetishistic obsession with female hair – Vertigo
• Man who could easily have turned out to be the villain but is proved innocent by the end – Suspicion
DO ANY OTHER FILMS REMIND YOU OF THE LODGER?
• M (1931)
• The Invisible Man (1933)
• Gaslight (1940)
• The Lodger (1944)
• Man in the Attic (1953)
Sunday, January 10, 2016
Thursday, January 7, 2016
Westerns don't come more crowd-pleasing than films like "High Noon," which functions like a psychological thriller packed in a love triangle nestled in a morality play but set in the Old West. The observations about this movie were plentiful in last evening's CineVerse group discussion. Here's a roundup of the salient points made: